HOPE is involved in numerous comparative, exchange and dissemination activities such as: economic and financing issues; human resources; organisation of care and health system.
With the development of the internal market the influence of EU legislation on hospitals and healthcare services increased and since then HOPE is also involved in the European Union decision making process. The scope of influence ranges from human resources issues, pharmaceuticals, medical devices, information technologies (eHealth), tissues, cells, blood, organs, etc.
The share of health expenditure devoted to inpatient care embraces current expenditure in inpatient institutions for acute, chronic and convalescent care, including public and private hospitals. In 2011, per capita expenditure on inpatient care represented almost the 35% of overall healthcare spending.
The average length of stay represents the proportion between the total occupied hospital bed-days and the total number of admissions or discharges.
Since 1980 the average length of stay in acute care beds has been constantly reducing in all EU Member States. Between 2000 and 2011 it dropped off by 1 bed-day in ´EU15` and ´EU13`.
The occupancy rate for acute care beds mirrors how intensively hospital capacity is used. In the 28 European Member States the occupancy rate has been relatively stable at a level of 77% – 78% of acute care beds since 1996, increasing by 1-2 percentage points compared to 1980. As showed in the chart, in 2011 it was on average 76%, but the gap between the highest and the lowest value was 43 percentage points.